Surgeons in India claim they've removed the world's largest brain tumour in a gruelling procedure that lasted seven hours, according to local reports. "After the investigation, we chose to perform the surgery [on February 14], which was extremely high-risk", said Dr Trimurti D Nadkarni, professor and head of neurosurgery, adding that such large tumours are rare and a surgical challenge.
Dr. Nadkarni said that he had removed a tumor that weighed 1.4 kg (3.08 pounds) from a patient at the KEM Hospital, Pune, in 2002.
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'The weight of a similar case reported earlier has been 1.4 kgs.
If the brain tumour is located in a place that makes it accessible for an operation, your surgeon will work to remove as much of the brain tumour as possible.
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News of the procedure was made public recently after the hospital ensured the surgery was successful as the patient, Santlal Pal, had recovered, doctors at the facility said. "Before the surgery, he had minimal vision, which may improve now", Dr Nadkarni said. The doctors said that the tumor resulted in Pal losing his eyesight but hoped that he would regain his vision now. He had also gone blind as a result of the tumour. Prior to the surgery, three hospitals had told Pal that the tumor was inoperable, his wife Manju told the BBC.
After conducting various tests, the doctors came to know that the tumour invaded into the brain on both sides of the midline through the skull bone. "Such large tumors are rare and a surgical challenge". But that 10 percent put pressure on Pal's brain, damaging his vision; it could have led to further problems, including paralysis and neurological damage, the doctors told The Hindu.
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The surgery was complicated as Pal was anaemic and needed 11 units of blood during the operation. "There was a heavy blood loss and this required great team skill in peri-operative monitoring for success", Nadkarni told IANS after the record feat. The mass appeared as large or larger than Santlal Pal's head.