As early as 2011, Google was seen to be the dominant market force for internet search, smartphone operating systems and Android app stores. After all, Google previous year made $5 billion every 16 days so it can do it again.
In a statement, European Commission competition watchdog Margrethe Vestager said that Google engaged in three activities that her office believes violate competition rules.
Google also violated European Union antitrust rules by "ma [king] payments to certain large manufacturers and mobile network operators on condition that they exclusively pre-installed the Google Search app on their devices", the commission said.
Google's practices have denied rival search engines the possibility to compete on the merits.
About 80% of smart mobile devices in Europe and worldwide run on Android, whose original developer Google bought in 2005, the commission said.
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It is the largest fine imposed by the European Union regulator against a single firm, after a three-year investigation into Google following a complaint by Fairsearch in 2015.
Google has been fined an unprecedented €4.3 billion ($5 billion/£3.8 billion) by the EU Commission over three specific competition breaches.
The EU went after Android because of said contracts which pretty much prevented vendors from offering alternatives to non-Google apps on Android devices. Device makers are required to pre-install the Google's Search and Chrome apps in order to gain access to the Android app marketplace. "Google can not have its cake and eat it", said Vestager.
The EC isn't done examining Google's business practices, saying that it "continues to investigate restrictions that Google has placed on the ability of certain third-party websites to display search advertisements from Google's competitors".
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A similar case was brought against the company in Russian Federation, and as a result, Android now offers users in Russian Federation a choice of which default search engine it would like to use.
The EC alleged that even though the core Android OS is open source, Google prevented manufacturers from pre-installing its apps if they installed a version of Android that wasn't pre-approved by the company.
Today, because of Android, there are more than 24,000 devices, at every price point, from more than 1,300 different brands, including Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish and Swedish phone makers.
"Phone makers don't have to include our services; and they're also free to pre-install competing apps alongside ours". By doing these deals, Google has broken European antitrust laws and therefore must be punished, but also forced to change its practices. Last year, over 94 billion apps were downloaded globally from our Play app store; browsers such as Opera Mini and Firefox have been downloaded more than 100 million times, UC Browser more than 500 million times.
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